The First World War, or The Great War as it was generally known before 1939, began on the 28th July 1914, with Great Britain entering on 4th August. By the time the armistice was signed on the 11th November 1918 886,939 soldiers, sailors and airmen from Great Britain alone had been killed and a further 1,663,435 were wounded. No part of the country was untouched by the slaughter. In Tadmarton 48 men served their country in various roles and 6 never returned to their families, cottages and farms. 11 men were wounded out of the 43 that served abroad in France or Mesopotamia. It is difficult to imagine the horrors that these men, who led simple but hard lives, faced. Most of them were employed as agricultural workers and you can only wonder at how they coped with what they had witnessed and experienced, but most of them did returning to their jobs and families and the village they were born in. Unfortunately 60% of service records from The Great War were destroyed in the Blitz in 1940. I have pieced together parts of their stories from what remains and will keep researching.

The men below were recorded on a Roll of Honour that is on display at St Nicholas Parish Church.

Ernest, Frank and Jack Gibbs with their sisters Ethel and Gladys, pictured in the early 1900's. Both Jack and Frank served in the 1st Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry in the Mesopotamian theatre, with Jack sadly dying in 1916.

 

             THE FOLLOWING MEN WERE SERVING AT THE OUTBREAK OF WAR

LLEWELLYN CAVE  was born in 1866 was a farmer at College Farm, Tadmarton.  He served as a Lieutenant in the Army Service Corps in England and France and had formerly been a Colour Sergeant in the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. He died in 1924 aged 58.

RALPH KILLBY CAVE was born in 1895, the son of Llewellyn Cave of College Farm, Tadmarton and worked on the family farm. He served as a Private in the Army Service Corps in England and France. He had formerly been a Trooper in the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. He died in 1978 aged 83.

WALTER JOHN GREEN was born in 1895, one of 10 children to parents John and Mary Green, in Milton. He was living in Lower Tadmarton with his family and worked as a general labourer and also as part-time soldier in the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. 

He enlisted into the Royal Garrison Artillery at Oxford in June 1913. After training at Fort Rowent in Gosport he was posted to 122 (Heavy) Battery in October 1914. He was posted with his Battery to France on the 8th March 1915, and promoted to Bombardier in the field. The battery took part in fighting at Armentieres, the Second Battle of Ypres, Hooge, the Bluff, St Elois, the Somme, Bullecourt (in the ANZAC Corps), Messines. On the 7th August 1917 he was seriously wounded, with shrapnel wounds to the left arm and knee, during the Third Battle of Ypres or Passchendaele. He was evacuated to England and hospitalized at the 31st Southern General Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham. He was honorably discharged as medically unfit for war service on the 19th February 1918, and awarded the silver badge. He married Evelyn Roberts in Battersea later that year.

He died in January 1942 aged 47, and was living at The Lodge, Tadmarton House. His older brother Gerorge had been killed in action during the Battle of Pozieres in 1916. 

JAMES WILLIAM HATFIELD was born in Marston St Lawrence in 1894 and lived in Lower Tadmarton with his parents Harry and Charlotte and six siblings, where he worked as a cowman. His brothers Harry and Gilbert both served their country, with Harry dying in 1919.       

In 1910, aged 17, he signed up as a part-time soldier with the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. rising to the rank of Sergeant, joining them in 1910. The QOOH went to France on 19th September 1914, at the behest of former member Winston Churchill, to assist the Royal Navy Division to protect the Channel ports. They were the first territorial unit to land in France and fought there for the entire war. As cavalry they spent frustrating periods waiting in readiness to push on through the gap in the enemy's line, which never came. They toiled in working parties bringing up supplies, digging defensive positions, suffering the discomforts of appalling conditions, and frequently dismounting to fight fierce engagements on foot and in the trenches themselves. He rose to the rank of sergeant.

He died aged 69 in Chelmsford in 1963. 

GERALD HENRY PAUL was born in 1898, the son of Captain Robert Paul (Royal Navy retired) of the Highlands, Lower Tadmarton. He followed his father into the navy, attending RN college at Whippingham in the Isle of Wight. 

He joined the battleship HMS Agamemnon, below, in August 1914 as a midshipman taking part in the initial bombardment of Turkish positions in 1915. 

 

He was promoted to sub Lieutenant aboard HMS Renard, below, which also saw action in the Dardanelles. 

    He was then promoted to Lieutenant aboard the battleship HMS Temeraire, below,  which was in action at the Battle of Jutland in 1916.

 After the war he reached the rank of Lieutenant Commander before retiring from the Navy. He spent time in India as an exchange broker and there married Cecilia with whom he had one child, George , born in 1934. He returned from India in 1935 and during the Second World War worked in the Press Division of the Admiralty.

He died in Cerne Abbas, Dorset in 1975 aged 78.                                                                              

FRANCIS RIDDLE see page-francis-riddle.php 

                        

                       THE FOLLOWING MEN TOOK COLOURS DURING THE WAR 


THOMAS ABBOTTS was born in 1889 to Thomas and Sarah Abbotts. He worked as a groom at hunting stables at New College Farm, where is father was a farm carter.

He enlisted into the reserves of the Royal Engineers on 7th December 1915. When he was mobilized on 22nd January 1917 he was a dairy foreman working in Brierley Hill, Staffs and was aged 26. He served as a Driver with the Royal Engineers, and was in France from 17th May 1917 until 31st January 1919. 

He died in 1972, aged 83.

ALBERT ROBERT AUSTIN was born in 1896, the son of Alfred and Susannah of Tadmarton where he worked as a farm labourer. 

He enlisted as a Gunner in the Royal Field Artillery on the 9th August 1915 aged 19. He trained in England until 19th January 1916 when he was posted to France. He joined 115th Battery in the field, armed with 4 x 18 pounder field guns, under the command of the 1st Division. He saw action in The Battle of Albert from July 1st 1916, The Battle of Bazentine, The Battle of Pozieres, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette and The Battle of Morval, all phases of the Battles of the Somme.

On the 17th August 1918 he was mustered as a driver, which increased his pay to 3d a day, before being demobbed and returning home on the 18th June 1919. In 1928 he married Minnie Pearson. He died in 1974 aged 79.                                     

ALFRED JESSIE BOURTON was born in 1891, son of John and Sarah Bourton of Tadmarton. He worked as a farm labourer and a building labourer. 

He enlisted in the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry on the 10th August 1915 in Oxford as a Private. On 10th December 1915 he arrived in India, joining the Indian Expeditionary Force Depot for training. On 6th July 1916 he was posted to Mesopotamia joining a provisional battalion that had been formed out of reinforcements intended for the 1st Battalion of the Ox and Bucks. The 1st Battalion had been either killed or taken into captivity after the surrender of the Kut Garrison to the Turks in April 1916. The provisional battalion were engaged in protecting lines of communications before being renamed the 1st Battalion on 24th July 1917. They joined the 15th Division and helped defeat the forces of the Ottoman Empire, who surrendered on 30th October 1918. He returned to England on the 14th April 1919 and was transferred to the Reserves on 11th May 1919.

On 1st November 1922 he married Una Wright in St Mary's Church, Banbury. He died in 1971 aged 80.  

HUBERT HARRY BOURTON was born in 1886, older brother of Alfred above. Aged 15 he was undertaking stable work in Tadmarton before moving to Marchington in Staffs where he worked as a groom. He served as a Private in the Army Service Corps in England based in Northampton. He married Nellie Heath in Tadmarton in 1917 and died in Rugby in June 1955 aged 69.


GEORGE BUCKINGHAM was born in 1895 to Harry and Sarah Anne Buckinham in Tadmarton, one of 9 children. He worked as a farm labourer. He served in France as a Private with the Army Service Corps before joining The Royal Horse Artillery. He died in 1961 aged 65.

 

HARRY BUCKINGHAM was born 1893 in Upper Tadmarton. He was the brother of George (above) and worked as a groom and gardener. 

He enlisted In Chipping Norton on the 23rd September 1914 having been previously rejected on height grounds, (he was 5ft 4ins), but accepted  this time for service in the ASC remounts section only, as a strapper (groom). However on the 16th January 1917 he was transferred to the Northumberland Fusiliers only to be transferred back to the ASC on the 28th November 1917. He served in France between the 14th October 1914 and the 20th October 1916 and again from the 25th January 1917 until the 10th April 1917. On the 16th April 1917 he was hospitalised in Eastleigh for 36 days with epydidymitis a bacterial infection of the testicles. He was demobbed on the 9th May 1919. He married Gertrude Joyner in 1921 and ran the butchers shop in Tadmarton. He died in 1978 aged 85.

JOHN BUCKINGHAM served as a Private with the 7th (Service) Battalion, The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry which was one of Kitchener's new armies and had joined in Oxford in September 1914. He joined the Ox and Bucks He arrived in France with his Battalion on 21st September 1915, as part of the 26th Division. His stay in France was brief as in November 1915 they moved to Marseilles for embarkation to Salonika. They moved to the Happy Valley camp at Lembert and stayed there for the duration taking part in the Battle of Horseshoe Hill in 1916, the Battles of Dorian in 1917 and the final assault on Bulgarian positions in 1918. The Salonika campaign remains largely forgotten, living conditions for soldiers on both sides were harsh. Winter and summer brought extremes of climate and disease, especially malaria, caused many more casualties than fighting and many men's health was wrecked through the disease. On 2nd January 1919 Private Buckingham contracted influenza and was treated in the 2/3rd Northumbrian Field Ambulance.


WILLIAM BUCKINGHAM was born in 1894 in Milton, the son of Frederick and Mary Buckingham. In 1911 he was a servant to one Annie Watkins, a carrier living in Tadmarton. 

He joined the 4th Territorial Battalion of the 2nd/4th Battalion Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry as a Private in  September 1914. He landed in France with the 2nd/4th Battalion on 24th May 1916, and took part in the Battle of Fromelles in June that year.

W DAY served as a Sapper in the Royal Engineers in France and Salonica. He was wounded at the Battle of Loos on the 25th September 1915. 

ALFRED FREEMAN was born in December 1899 to parents John and Ada of Tadmarton and worked as a farm labourer. 

He enlisted into 2/5th Battalion, the Gloucestershire Regiment on 11th December 1915. He transferred to the 18th (Service) Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment, and arrived in France with them on 1st August 1918 under orders of the 16th Irish Division. They went into action in the  Final Advance in Artois between 2nd October and 11th November 1918, liberating the French coalfields, Lens and Douai. He was wounded in action and was honourably discharged in 1919, being no longer physically fit for war service and awarded the silver medal. 

He married Dorothy Morbey in Swalcliffe in 1930 and died in 1969, aged 69. 

ARTHUR FREEMAN was born in 1891, the eldest son of Thomas and Elizabeth of Tadmarton and worked as a farm labourer. He served as a Gunner with the Royal Field Artillery in France and was seriously wounded at the Battle of Messines Ridge on  7th June 1917. He had married Amy Young in 1915 and died in 1945 aged 54.

The Battle of Messines Ridge was one of the most successful local operations on the Western Front during the war. The  target of the offensive was a natural stronghold south-east of Ypres and a small German salient since 1914. The battle was a precursor to the 3rd Battle of Ypres, known as Passchendaele. It was to be launched by the detonation of 22 mines in shafts tunneled under the German lines. Heavy preliminary bombardment of the German positions began on the 21st May, involving 2,300 guns and 300 heavy mortars ceasing on the morning of the 7th June at 02:50. The German troops sensing an imminent attack rushed to their defensive positions. At 03:10 the mines, some 600 tons of explosives were detonated under them. The German defences were devestated, some 10,000 men dying in the expolosions. In its wake nine divisions of infantry advanced under the protection of a creeping barrage, tanks and gas grenade throwers. All initial objectives were taken within three hours. The battle greatly boosted the morale of the allies. It was the first time on the Western front that defensive casualties had exceeded attacking losses; 25,000 against 17,000.

 

CORBET FRANK FREEMAN was born in 1888 to parents Oliver and Matilda in Tadmarton, where he worked as a farm labourer. 
He enlisted as a Private in the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry on 16th August 1915 and after training sailed from Devonport on HM Troopship Alannia on 20th January 1916 and arrived at Basra on 20th February. He joined the 1st Battalion, which had been reformed after the surrender to the Ottoman forces of the Kut garrison. He served in Mesopotamia, with one months leave in April 1917, until 1st February 1918, by which time the Ottoman forces had been driven out, and embarked on HM Troopship Shuya as part of the Salonica Expeditionary Force. He served there until 14 March 1919 returning home to be demobilized on 24th April 1919. 
He married Harriet Jackman in 1925 and had two sons. Corbet Freeman died in 1959 aged 71.

 

ERNEST WILLIAM FREEMAN was born 1885 to parents James and Hannah and lived in Upper Tadmarton. He was married to Florence Howkins in 1911 and they had four children, and worked as as groom. 

He enlisted into the 2nd Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry on the 9th August 1915 and was posted to France on the 17th December 1915. He served in France continuously until demobbed on the 2nd February 1919, apart from ten days leave in February 1918. He saw action on the Somme in the Battle of Delville Wood between 15th July and 3rd September 1916. He suffered a gunshot wound to the right arm at the Battle of Ancre on the 13th November 1916. He was treated in an Ambulance train and sent to a Convalescence Depot, before returning to his unit on 18th November. The action, launched on that same day, was the last act of the 1916 Battle of the Somme. He went on to fight in The Battles of Arras and Third Ypres in 1917 and the First and Second Battles of the Somme and the Battle of Hindenburg in 1918. In 1920 he was asked to join the Army reserves but declined. He died in 1966 aged 82.

EDWARD JOHN FREEMAN was born in 1888 in Tadmarton to parents John and Elizabeth. He married Rosina Stratford of Swalcliffe in 1910 They lived in Lower Tadmarton where he worked as a domestic gardener. 

He served as a Private in the 8th (Service) Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry rising to acting sergeant, before transferring to the 2nd Battalion. He saw action on the Somme during the Battle of Delville Wood between 15th July and 3rd September 1916. He was wounded at the Battle of Ancre in the village of Beaumont-Hamel on the 13th November 1916. The action, launched on that same day, was the last act of the Battle of the Somme. 

He died in 1948 aged 59.

HERBERT GEORGE FREEMAN was born in Tadmarton in 1883. In the 1901 census he was working and lodging in Lewisham as a butchers's assistant. On 7th March 1902 he enlisted into the Royal Field Artillery as a Gunner in Woolwich. He was discharged as medically unfit for further military service in April 1905 and was stated he had a very good character.

By 1906 he was back in Tadmarton having served for 3 years and 36 days in the before being discharged as unfit. In April of that year he married Alice May Handsworth and by 1911 they had had four children and he was employed as a horsekeeper. 

Herbert enlisted on August 9th 1915 into his old regiment the Royal Field Artillery as a gunner. As a former soldier unfit for active service he undertook farmwork in various agricultural companies, being promoted to Bombadier on 27th July 1916. In March 1917 his wife gave birth to a fifth child, Getrude. He appears from his record to have been a bit of a "lad", being reprimanded for drunkedness and being late returning from leave. In August of 1917 his commanding officer received a letter from a Miss Maud Eagle of Twickenham enquiring of his whereabouts having not seen him from over a month. The records do not show why she was so anxious to contact him.  He was demobbed in March of 1919 being unfit for duty. 

He and Alice had another son Bernard Austin Freeman in 1919 who died in 1944 in the hands of the Japanese. Herbert Freeman died in 1955 aged 72.

PERCY THOMAS FREEMAN was born in 1893 in Tadmarton to parents Thomas and Elizabeth Freeman. He worked as a farm labourer and was the younger brother to Arthur (above). 

He was living in Coventry when he enlisted into the 5th Reserve Battalion of the Coldstream Guards as a Guardsman on 29th November 1915 aged 22. 

He was posted to France on 26th August 1916 joining the 1st Battalion in the field on 2nd September. He saw action in two phases of the Battle of the Somme: The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, between 15th and 22nd September 1916 was a large-scale general renewal of the offensive after the weeks of attritional fighting for the third German system at Pozieres, High Wood, Delville Wood, Guillemont and Ginchy. It is historically noteworthy for being the first time that tanks were used in battle. Few in number, mechanically unreliable and as yet without proven tactics for their best use, the small numbers of tanks that actually went into action had an important positive effect. High Wood and Delville Wood were finally cleared and a deep advance was made to Flers and towards Combles. Next was the The Battle of Morval, between 25th and 28th September 1916. Having broken through the prepared lines of German defence, the British force now faced a new set of challenges as it was now fighting in much flatter, open ground and approached the distant gentle slopes of the Transloy ridges. Fighting was, as before, severe but gradually the British chipped away and pushed forward. The weather began to turn autumnal, bringing rain, making the battlefield increasingly difficult and stretching men to limits of their physical endurance.

The Battle of the Somme ended on 18th November 1916 as winter set in. Percy Freeman was to remain in France seeing further action in the Second Battle of Passchendaele. He was granted leave home on 7th November 1917. He returned to the Western Front on 21st November.

In March 1918 the Guards Division fought against the German Spring Offensive. Buoyed by troops released from the Eastern Front after the Russian surrender, this was an attempt to win the war before the Americans arrived in numbers. In two operations, German troops pushed the Allies back across the devastated 1916 Somme battlefields being halted outside Amiens. The attack failed and then it was the Allies turn to launch the 100 days Offensive that won the war.

Percy Freeman contracted influenza whilst on the front line on 8th August 1918. He was treated in a field ambulance, then on to hospital in Rouen before embarking for England on the hospital ship "Gloucester Castle" on 26th August 1918. He spent 46 days in the Northumberland War Hospital. After recovery he served at Shoreham-on-Sea until demobilized on 9th February 1919. Later that year he married Emmeline Freeman from Tadmarton. 

Percy Freeman died in 1967 aged 74. 

                                                    HM Hospital ship Gloucester Castle

WALTER FREEMAN was born in Lower Tadmarton in 1881. The 1911 census shows him living in Brackley with his wife and son and working as a coal porter. He served as a Private in the Army Service Corps (kitchens department) in France.

FRANK GIBBS was born in Broughton on 15th May 1897. When he enlisted on the 8th August 1915, aged 17, he was living in Tadmarton and working as a cowman. He joined the 1st Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and embarked for Mesopotamia on 23rd May 1916. He served with C company fighting against the forces of the Ottoman Empire in Mesopotamia until the end of the war. He was once sentenced to 3 days confined to camp for "using an improper article for water". He returned to England on 21st March 1919 and went to live in Coventry. He was the younger brother of John Gibbs. 

JOHN WILLIAM GIBBS see page-the-fallen-world-war-one.php

 

ALFRED GREEN was born in 1899 in Milton and lived in Tadmarton with his parents John and Mary and his 9 siblings. He served as a Private with the Devonshire Regiment in Ireland. After the war he married Rose Keen in 1932 and moved to Burdrop. He died in 1965 aged 66.

CHARLES GREEN see page-the-fallen-world-war-one.php

 

JAMES HALL was born in Lower Tadmarton in 1897 to parents James and Harriet Hall and worked as a farm labourer. He served as a Private in the 1st Battalion, The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. On 6th July 1916 he was posted to Mesopotamia joining a provisional battalion that had been formed out of reinforcements intended for the 1st Battalion of the Ox and Bucks. The 1st Battalion had been either killed or taken into captivity after the surrender of the Kut Garrison to the Turks in April 1916. The provisional battalion were engaged in protecting lines of communications before being renamed the 1st Battalion on 24th July 1917. They joined the 15th Division and helped defeat the forces of the Ottoman Empire, who surrendered on 30th October 1918. He returned to England on the 14th April 1919 and was transferred to the Reserves on 11th May 1919. in Mesopotamia. He died in 1955 aged 58.

WILLIAM EDWARD HANDSWORTH was born in 1878 in Tadmarton. He married Edith Freeman in 1905 and had one son called Arthur. He lived in the village and worked as a cowman. He served as a Private in the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry in France and then transferred to the Labour Corps. He died in Cuckfield, Sussex in 1962 aed 83.

GILBERT ELDIN HATFIELD was born in Marston St Lawrence in 1895. In 1911 he was living in Lower Tadmarton with his parents Harry and Charlotte and his 6 siblings and worked as a newsagent's assistant.

He enlisted as a Private with the 17th (Service) Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps, one of Kitchener's new armies,arriving in France with them on 8th March 1916. They went into action during the Battle of Pozieres, Gilbert Hatfield was seriously wounded during the assault on Thievpal Ridge on the 2nd September 1916. After he recovered he was transferred to the 12th Battalion KRRC and saw action in the Third Battle of Ypres and then the Battle of Cambrai. After a successful assault and the capture of enemy positions the Germans mounted a counter-attack in large numbers. Gilbert Hatfield was taken prisoner when British lines were overrun on the 30th November 1917. His brother Harry Walter Hatfield died in the war. Gilbert Hatfield  died in 1971 in Coventry aged 77.

 HARRY WALTER HATFIELD see-the-fallen-world-war-one.php

GEORGE THOMAS HOWKINS was born in 1885 in Tadmarton to parents Thomas and Sophia Buckinghamshire and worked as a farm labourer. In 1911 he was boarding in Souldern, where he worked as a groom on a farm. He enlisted in 1915 as a Trooper with the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars and was wounded at Gillemont Farm near Bony, Northern France on the 20th May 1917. He suffered shrapnel wounds to his left arm and face and was treated in the No 7 Ambulance Train.

 He married Hilda Brown in 1921 and lived in Coventry where they had two daughters. He died there in 1957 aged 72.

ERNEST HOWKINS was born in 1882 in Tadmarton to parents Thomas and Sophia Howkins working as a farm labourer. His three younger brothers, George, John and Richard, all served with Richard dying in 1918. In August 1905 he married Louisa Smith in Swalcliffe, living in the village with his two daughters, son and step-daughter and working as a carter on a farm. He served as a Gunner in the 10th Heavy Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery in Egypt and Palestine. He died in 1961 aged 79.

JOHN WILLIAM HERBERT HOWKINS  was born in Tadmarton in 1888  to parents Thomas and Sophia Howkins and worked as a gardener and later a shepherd. He married Florence Newport of Tadmarton in April 1912. They had a son and a daughter and lived in the Old Post Office, Tadmarton. He served as a Private horsekeeper in the Army Veterinary Corps in France. He died in 1956 aged 69. 

RICHARD HOWKINS see-the-fallen-world-war-one.php 

WILLIAM HOWKINS  was born in Tadmarton in 1896 and worked as a farm labourer. He served as a Gunner in the Royal Garrison Artillery, 129th Battery in France. He was seriously wounded on the 22nd March 1918 during the German spring offensive.

ROBERT ERNEST PADBURY was born Deptford in May 1898 and later moved to Thornton Heath. He worked in his father's engineering company in Deptford until joining the Army in London on 25th May 1916. He was originally posted to the Middlesex Regiment before transferring to the 2/6th (Service) Battalion of the Manchester Regiment. As a second line unit the Battalion was not sent to France until February 1917, as part of the 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division. Robert was attached to the 204th Company of the Machine Gun Corps, also attached to the 66th Division. He saw action in the Battle of Poelcapelle between 7th and 10th October, a phase of the Third Battle of Ypres. He was hospitalised with trench foot on 24th January 1918.

On 21st March 1918 the expected German Spring Offensive began with the Battle of St Quentin. Buoyed by troops released from the Eastern Front the Germans made lightening attacks across the old Somme battlefields in an attempt to win the war before the Americans arrived in numbers. The Division was pitched into a desperate fighting retreat in the Battle of St Quentin, The actions at the Somme Crossings and the Battle of Rosieres between 21st and 27th March. His Battalion suffered heavy casualties and almost ceased to exist. Robert found himself attached to 253rd Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers, who had been called up to the front to act as infantry. Machine gun teams, often operating in front of the lines out in no man's land, were very vulnerable. Robert received gun shot wounds to his left forearm and was left behind during the retreat. His wounds were treated by a German doctor and he was well looked after before being returned to British lines at night. He was sent to the 15th Convalescent depot in Trouville near Le Havre before being evacuated to England on 12th May 1918. 

He was admitted to 3rd Western General Hospital in Cardiff, he is pictured above in hospital blues, before moving to the Western General Hospital in Newport. From there he moved to the Welsh Metropolitan War Hospital which had beds for both orthopedic and shell shocked patients. After this there was a spell at Samuel House Auxiliary Hospital in Cardiff before returning home to 33, Lodge Road, West Croydon. He was discharged from the Army on 30th October 1918, being no longer physically fit for war service due to his gun shot wound. He was awarded the Silver badge, originally given to wounded soldiers to be worn on civilian clothing to stop them being accused of cowardice.

He then spent time working as a boundary rider on farms in New Zealand and Australia, clearing forest paths and log jams on rivers in Canada and took pedigree cattle to Brazil. In 1936 he became Landlord of the Lampet Arms then a tenancy of Brackley brewers Hopcroft and Norris. He served with the Home Guard between 11th July 1940 and 31st December 1944, his loaded rifle was kept behind the bar just in case. He is in the centre in the photo taken on the church tower. His son Robert who lived at the pub witnessed the Wellington crash on 31st May 1942.


The Padbury family left the Lampet Arms in 1955 and Robert Ernest Padbury died in Bromley in December 1983 aged 85.

GEORGE CHARLES PAUL (MILITARY CROSS) was born in 1895 the son of Captain Robert Paul (Royal Navy retired) of the Highlands, Lower Tadmarton and older brother of Gerald Paul RN.

 He was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars on 1st October 1914. He joined the 11th Hussars, part of the 1st Cavalry Division in France on 20th June 1916 and promoted Lieutenant. He saw action, both as mounted troops and in the infantry role during the Battle of Fleurs-Courcellette, part of the Somme offensives in 1916, and the Third Battle of Ypres in 1917. He was wounded during the German Spring Offensive of 1918, the 1st Cavalry Division were ordered to hold at all cost, the ground between the Somme and the Ancre. The fighting was so hard around Sailly Laurette that the 11th were pulled back across the Somme to hold the line at Hamel to block the German advance on Amiens. Later, Col Anderson led a bayonet assault of Sailly Laurette with 120 men which took the Germans by surprise and won the day.  This action earned the regiment great praise from all quarters. At the end of march there was one more terrible battle in defence of Hamel. Some describe the German bombardment as the worst the regiment had felt throughout the whole war. Hand-to-hand fighting followed but the front was stabilised and Amiens saved. This battle, lasting 2 weeks had cost the 11th three officers and 24 other ranks killed and 86 officers and men wounded. George Paul was awarded the MC for his actions. After the war he remained in the Army and he served with the Hussars in India  and Egypt and attained the rank of Captain.

He married Norah Wayland in Ashford in 1927 and died in Somerset in 1985 aged 90. 

ALFRED PHIPPS was born in Tadmarton in 1895 to parents Ezekiel and Alice Phipps. He was the younger brother of Arthur (below) an worked as a farm labourer. He enlisted into the Royal Garrison Artillery and arrived in Egypt on 19th July 1915 serving as a signaller. Later transferred to France, he was slightly  injured at Wystchaete Farm during the Battle of Messines on the 16th July 1917. He was awarded the Italian Bronze medal for gallantry. He was transferred to the Reserves on 22nd July 1919. 

He married Edith Johnson nee Freeman in the village in 1920. She was the widow of Stanley Inkerman Johnson of Towcester who had been killed in action in 1918.

ARTHUR EDWARD PHIPPS was born in 1886 one of 10 children to Ezekiel and Alice. His younger brother Alfred also served with the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and was wounded in France. He married Lilley Lake in 1909 and they lived in Lower Tadmarton where he worked as a cowman for Walter Mullins. 

At the time he enlisted, 10th December 1915, he had three young sons. He was assigned to the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry on 27th November 1916 transferring next to the Machine Gun Company. Tragedy struck on the 21st May 1917 when his son Edward died at the age of 2 from gastro-enteritis. He received a bill for signing the death certificate for 2 shillings and seven pence from Dr Higgins of Balscote a few days later. On the 8th December 1918 he was transferred to 646 Agricultural Company In Oxford where he worked as a ploughman until demobbed on the 12th February 1919. He and Lily had 2 daughters in 1920 and 21. Arthur Phipps died in 1965 aged 78. 

 

ARTHUR ESMOND SELWOOD RIDDLE was born in 1891, the eldest son of Arthur Riddle, the Rector of Tadmarton, both his younger brothers served in the Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. He was gazetted as a 2nd Lieutenant in Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry  in September 1914, joining the 2nd Battalion in France He was wounded at le Plantin on the 8th September 1915 not far from where his brother Francis had died a few months earlier during the Battle of Festubert. After the war he became a vicar in Walworth, South London.

AUBREY  POWELL was born in 1883 in Wiggington. He lived and worked as a farm labourer in Tadmarton before enlisting on 10th December 1915. He was classed as C2 fitness level and thus served in the Labour Corps working on the land. He was discharged on the 22nd May 1919 aged 40 after being hospitalised with chronic bronchitis. He was classified with 20% disability and discharged with a gratuity of £5, his medical report stating he was poorly developed and of a low type of mentality. Aubrey Powell died in 1951 aged 67.

 

GERALD KENNEDY RIDDLE was born in 1897 the youngest son of Arthur Riddle, Rector of Tadmarton Church. On 19th March 1914 he boarded the SS Royal George bound for St Johns in Newfoundland in Canada where he worked as a clerk. 

On the 3rd August 1915 he enlisted into 122nd Overseas Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. They sailed for England in June 1917, he was promoted to Sergeant and the Battalion was then absorbed into the Canadian Forestry Corps. He was then commissioned into the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light infantry as a 2nd Lieutenant, and saw action in France.

HORACE FREDERICK SALMON was born in 1871 and worked on the family farm in Tadmarton. He served as a Private in the Royal Army Medical Corps in England. He died in 1947 aged 71. 

CHARLES SMITH see page-the-fallen-world-war-one.php

 

GEORGE SMITH was born in 1891 in Tadmarton to parents John and Harriet, brother of Charles who died in the war (above). The 1911 census found him working as a hostler at the George and Dragon hotel in Fenny Compton. He served as a Private in the 7th Hussars in Mesopotamia. He died in 1968 aged 79.

AUSTIN JOSEPH TEW was born in Cheadle Staffordshire in 1891. He later lived in Mill House, Lower Tadmarton where he farmed with his parents John and Sarah. 

He joined the Coldstream Guards as a Private at the outbreak of war in August 1914. in the Coldstream Guards arriving in France in February 1915 and taking part in most of the major actions on the Western Front.

He died  in 1947 aged 57. 

HARRY TIMBRELL was born in Minety, Wiltshire in 1885. He married Minnie Smith in Croughton in 1910In 1911 he was running the Lampet Arms in Tadmarton with his wife Minnie. He served as Gunner in the Royal Field Artillery in England. After the war he returned to running the Lampet Arms and was a smallholder until his death in the Horton Infirmary in 1922 at the age of 39.

GEORGE WILLIAM WYATT was born in 1896 in Brackley and was living in Tadmarton in 1911 with his parents James and Emma and three siblings, working as a French polisher. He served as a Private in the Army Service Corps in France. In October 1917 he married Gertrude Tims in Banbury, he died in 1966 aged 70.

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